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01 Guidance for Peat Grievances

Proforest, Cargill, Global Environment Centre | 2020 | Proforest

Peatlands are one of the significant natural ecosystems that occur in the regions where
oil palm is being developed. Peatlands are one of the most important global stores of
carbon and their degradation leads to large-scale emission of Greenhouse Gasses (GHG)
driving global climate change.
Peat is a soil with cumulative organic layer(s) comprising more than half of the upper
80cm or 100cm of the soil surface containing 35% or more of organic matter or 18% or more organic carbon. Note that for management of existing plantations in Malaysia and Indonesia a narrower definition has been used, based on national regulations – namely soil with an organic layer of more than 50% in the top 100cm containing more than 65% organic matter.
The potential grievances related to peatlands discussed in this document concern all peatland areas in the plantations including smallholder outgrower plantations, independent or other scheme plantations as well as adjacent landscapes. These lands
include those controlled directly (i.e. a company’s own plantations or indirectly (e.g. areas owned or utilised by suppliers to the mill).